Institute for International Criminal Investigations
- The IICI is comprised of the Institute for International Criminal Investigations (IICI) and the Institute for International Criminal Investigations Foundation (IICIF). They are non-profit, international organizations dedicated to the training and organization of international criminal investigators and related professionals in the techniques of investigation of serious violations of international humanitarian law (IHL), including genocide.
- The IICI is designed to support all international criminal justice mechanisms and truth commissions with training and the rapid deployment of professional, multi-disciplinary investigative teams.
- The idea for the IICI was conceived in 1999 by Raymond McGrath and Nancy Pemberton, professional criminal investigators from San Francisco, who currently serve as the President and Secretary/Treasurer of the IICI(F).
The IICI was developed with the advice and participation of staff members from the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, the former Chief of the Irish Defence Forces, the Irish Centre for Human Rights, the Royal Netherlands School for Peacekeeping and Physicians for Human Rights.
- IICI is an American 501 c (3) tax-exempt corporation incorporated in the State of California. IICIF is a Dutch charitable foundation based in The Hague, The Netherlands. In 2003 the IICI established its Headquarters in The Hague, The Netherlands.
- Anna Coulouris is the Institute's Head of Office in The Hague. She joined the IICI in June 2008. Acting under the Executive Director, she is responsible for all Institute administration and liaison in Europe.
Ms Coulouris has worked in the field of human rights for more than 12 years. She began her career working for Amnesty International and in the past ten years has worked as a human rights officer for the United Nations and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe in Haiti, Sierra Leone, Kosovo and Burundi. She participated in the 5th International Investigator Course in 2005.
- The IICI is affiliated with the Irish Centre for Human Rights, University of Ireland, Galway; the Royal Netherlands Army School for Peace Missions; and Physicians for Human Rights.
- Members of the IICI Board of directors and Council of Advisors originate from Australia, Britain, Cambodia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, India, Ireland, South Africa, Sudan, Trinidad and Tobago, and the United States.
- William Schabas, OC, a distinguished expert on international law and director of the Irish Centre for Human Rights, is the Chairman of the Board. Justice Richard Goldstone, first prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda and the Former Yugoslavia, is a leading member of the Council of Advisors.
- John Ralston, the immediate past Chief of Investigations of the ICTY, is the Executive Director.
- The IICI has conducted six annual International Investigator Courses with students from all over the world.
- Two IICI Board members are advisers to the ICC Assembly of State Parties Justice Rapid Response Initiative. This initiative contemplates the creation of an international mechanism to provide, in a timely fashion, investigative, legal and judicial assistance to states emerging from conflict.
- In March 2004 the IICI and the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) organized and co-sponsored a conference regarding the work that will need to be undertaken to establish the Iraqi Special Tribunal (IST). Conference participants included thirteen experts on international criminal law and the practical operations of special tribunals from nine countries, and eleven Iraqis involved in establishing the IST.
- In March 2006 in conjunction with the OSCE the IICI conducted a 4 day seminar, “War Crimes Investigators – Interview Techniques”.